decree deep spending cuts across the board. When it was over, Lasseter and his
animation group were almost too afraid to ask Jobs about authorizing some extra
and called CEO Andy Grove directly. Grove, still playing mentor, tried to teach Jobs
a lesson: He supported his Intel manager. “I stuck by my employee,” he recalled.
“Steve doesn’t like to be treated like a supplier.”
Smith eventually resigned to form a new company to make software for digital drawing
and image editing. Jobs refused him permission to use some code he had created while
at Pixar, which further inflamed their enmity. “Alvy eventually got what he needed,” said
of a business rationale for doing so. As times got tough at Pixar, he would sit through
brutal budget-cutting meetings showing no mercy. Then Lasseter would ask
that the money they had just saved be used for his next film, and Jobs would agree.
lamp on his desk as a model for graphic rendering, and he decided to turn Luxo
into a lifelike character. A friend’s young child inspired him to add Luxo Jr., and he
showed a few test frames to another animator, who urged him to make sure he
Lasseter, a man whose childlike face and demeanor masked an artistic
perfectionism that rivaled that of Jobs. Born in Hollywood, Lasseter grew up
loving Saturday morning cartoon shows. In ninth grade, he wrote a report
then the CFO would come in a few minutes late to establish that he was the person
running the meeting. “But a funny thing happened,” Catmull recalled. “Steve started
the meeting on time without the CFO, and by the time the CFO walked in
interface, named RenderMan, that it hoped would become a standard
for 3-D graphics rendering, just as Adobe’s PostScript was for laser printing.
As he had with the hardware, Jobs decided that they should try to find a
mass market, rather than just a specialized one, for the software they made.
benefited from Jobs’s combination of artistic creativity and technological geekiness.
“Silicon Valley folks don’t really respect Hollywood creative types, and the Hollywood
folks think that tech folks are people you hire and never have to meet,”
Jobs wanted to sell Pixar’s computers to a mass market, so he had the Pixar folks open
products, and there was no other division for Jobs to run. Sculley was still somewhat
conciliatory. He told Jobs that he could stay on with the title of board chairman
and be a product visionary with no operational duties. But by this point,